How To Check For Breast Cancer
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University of Nottingham > > Student Life > Shweta > How to check yourself this Breast Cancer Month (and beyond!)
How To Check For Breast Cancer
As many of you may know, October is the annual Breast Cancer Awareness Month. As a medical student, I am faced with the reality of the “s” word almost every day. And although October is an awareness month; It is important to be aware of self-exams, abnormalities, and cancer risk throughout the round.
Breast Cancer Risk Factors & Symptoms
Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in the UK, with an average of over 50,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer per year. Although it is common knowledge that breast cancer affects many women, it also affects about 300 men a year. This means that self-examination is important for everyone!
Unfortunately, breast cancer cannot be prevented. But there are ways to help detect it at an early stage, thereby increasing the chances of survival. Regardless of age, a monthly self-examination is a great way to detect any abnormalities at an early stage.
Self-examination must be carried out in the shower, in front of a mirror and lying down. Changes in location will help alert you to any smaller lumps that may be hidden in certain areas. In addition, any visual changes to the skin and/or nipples can be seen by looking in the mirror. Press firmly on the breast with the pads of your fingers, moving in a circular motion from the outside to the nipple. Then use your fingers to determine if there is a lump or abnormal sensitivity around the nipple. Pay attention to changes in the shape, size and contour of the breasts and nipples. Also, pay attention to the presence of discharge from the nipples.
Remember not to panic if you do find a lump. In most cases, a lump is not cancerous, and there are many reasons why you might find one, including changes in your menstrual cycle. Make an appointment with a general practitioner to rule out something harmful.
How To Check Your Breasts For Signs Of Cancer
Encourage your family and friends to get tested this October. And remember, early detection can help save lives! Our Change and Check stickers reminding you to check for breast cancer symptoms are in thousands of changing rooms across the country and you can get them now. Download the sticker here.
Lorraine-based producer Helen Addis, who was diagnosed with breast cancer in April 2018, is behind the campaign, which has seen John Lewis and Partners, David Lloyd Clubs, Monsoon and ASDA place the stickers in their changing rooms across the UK. The goal is simple: to get as many people as possible to check their breasts for signs and symptoms of breast cancer.
Let us know if you’ve placed a sticker at home or at work by tagging @Lorraine on social media and using the hashtag #ChangeAndCheck.
Not sure how to check your breasts for symptoms? Follow Dr. Hilary’s step-by-step instructions that could save your life the next time you change clothes.
Recognize The Signs Of Breast Cancer
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Age is the biggest risk factor for breast cancer (after gender), with older women at much greater risk than younger women. This is why NHS screening programs start at age 50, or 47 in some areas.
There are many factors related to reproductive history that affect the risk of breast cancer. A woman’s age when she starts menstruating, menopause, and the number of children she has had can affect her chances of getting breast cancer.
Women in developed countries have a higher risk of breast cancer, mainly due to later age at first pregnancy, fewer children, and less breastfeeding.
How & When To Check For Signs Of Breast Cancer
Hormone therapy, such as HRT and some estrogen-only oral contraceptives, have been found to increase the risk of breast cancer. In both cases, the risk is temporary and will decrease for several years after treatment is stopped.
Breast density is strongly associated with breast cancer risk, with denser breast tissue representing a higher risk. Breast density does have a significant genetic component, but it can also be influenced by weight, menopause, and the number of children a woman has had.
If you have a mother or sister who has had breast cancer, your risk factor is higher than a woman without a family history. The risk increases even more if your relative was diagnosed with breast cancer before the age of 40.
If there are more than four 1st or 2nd degree relatives who have had breast cancer in the family, there may be a genetic mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. Women with this mutation have a 50-80% chance of developing breast cancer by age 70.
Breast Self Exam Instruction. Breast Cancer Monthly Examination 3435695 Vector Art At Vecteezy
Those at risk for breast cancer include men with high estrogen levels, radiation exposure, a family history or known breast cancer gene in the family, obesity, chronic liver disease, and a rare genetic condition called Klinefelter syndrome.
Breast awareness is about knowing how your breasts look and feel, regardless of your age, to increase your chances of detecting breast cancer symptoms early.
Your breasts may change at different times throughout the month and as you get older, but if you are aware of your breasts, you will notice these changes.
The most common symptom of breast cancer in men is a unilateral hard lump in the breast tissue deep to the nipple. It is almost always painless, and other symptoms may include:
Breast Cancer Awareness
Fortunately, long-term survival rates have increased over the past 20 years as a result of increased breast awareness, breast screening, and rapid access to comprehensive diagnostic clinics.
If breast cancer is detected at an early stage, there is a very high probability of its successful treatment.
Breast cancer in men, although rare, can be more complicated and is often found at a later stage. As with women, the biggest risk factor for breast cancer in men is age. Most cases of breast cancer in men are diagnosed between the ages of 60 and 70.
OneStop Breast Clinics offers private examinations with an experienced consultant breast surgeon for women and men with suspicious breast symptoms. The initial consultation will cost £250 or £270 in London and further examinations will incur an additional charge as detailed below.
Check Your Boobs, Breast Cancer
If your breast biopsy confirms a diagnosis of breast cancer, then if you are insured, you can be treated by the private breast surgeon who arranged your tests or, alternatively, your GP can refer you for treatment on the NHS.
The main diagnostic method in the clinic is ultrasound examination, which uses sound waves to create a picture of the internal structures of the mammary gland. Ultrasound is mainly used to diagnose lumps or other changes that may be detected by a consultant surgeon during a clinical breast examination. Ultrasound examination is safe, painless, non-invasive and does not use radiation.
These include X-rays of each breast, which can detect early stage cancer before you or your doctor feels any changes in your breasts.
Offers private breast cancer screening mammograms. Mammography is specialized medical imaging that uses a low-dose X-ray system to examine the breast.
How To Check For Breast Cancer
We now know about the building blocks that make up our DNA that may increase the risk of breast cancer. A saliva sample can now be analyzed along with a lifestyle and family history questionnaire to provide a risk assessment. This indicator allows women at higher risk of breast cancer to start breast examinations at an earlier age and to be examined more often.
Our OneStop Breast service gives you access to rapid diagnostic tests if you think you may have recently developed symptoms of breast cancer. October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month and it deserves all the attention! Breast cancer prevention is extremely important because it reduces the risk of developing invasive breast cancer. I created this t-shirt to thank Think Pink, a non-profit organization that provides year-round help and support to people throughout their journey, as well as family members of people affected by the disease.
I wanted to raise money for Think Pink and offer support, our collective support (because you buy a shirt and wear it as soon as it arrives, right?!). From every shirt (or t-shirt) sold, we donate 5 euros to Think Pink! (I’ll also let you know my stories about how much we raised 💪)
Breast Health At Home
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